Discovering the Truth: Why Is My Cat’s Pee Orange and What it Means for Their Health

A Cat Urinated on Bed (image by cunaplus, Adobe Stock)
Dr. Mollie Newton
Published by Dr. Mollie Newton PHD| Senior Editor
Last updated: June 21, 2024
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Is your cat’s urine orange? This unusual color might be a big sign pointing to health issues like dehydration or something serious like liver diseases. Quick and accurate understanding is key. Find out why your cat’s urine could be orange, when it’s time to see a vet, and what you can do to keep your furry friend healthy.

Key Takeaways

  • Orange cat urine can be an indicator of serious health concerns including dehydration, liver disease, or urinary tract issues, and should prompt a veterinary consultation.
  • Various factors can cause orange urine in cats, including hematuria (blood in urine), medications and supplements that acidify urine, and food dyes. Diets and medication should be considered when determining the cause.
  • Preventative measures such as ensuring proper hydration, stress reduction, and regular veterinary checkups are key to maintaining feline urinary health and preventing conditions that may lead to orange urine.

The Various Colors of Cat Urine and Their Significance

Illustration of cat urine colors
Illustration of cat urine colors

Keeping an eye on the rainbow of colors that can appear in your cat’s urine is a crucial part of proactive pet parenting. The array of hues, ranging from light yellow to dark brown and even red, serves as a biological color palette that holds clues about your cat’s health.

Normal light yellow urine indicates adequate hydration, but colors such as orange, red, or brown could be early warning signs of health issues such as dehydration, urinary tract infections, or liver problems.

Indeed, your cat’s urine color can be a helpful early indicator of potential health issues. The ability to recognize these color changes can enable you to take timely action, seek veterinary care when needed, and ensure that your feline friend gets the best possible care.

Normal Cat Urine Color

Let’s begin with the golden standard, so to speak. Healthy cat urine should be clear and light yellow, akin to the shade of straw or light gold. This clarity allows you to easily see through it without any cloudiness or floating debris, telling you that all is well with your cat’s urine and their urinary system.

However, if the urine appears colorless and watery, it might be a red flag for health issues such as kidney disease or diabetes, warranting further evaluation.

Dark Yellow and Brown Cat Urine

When your cat’s pee takes on a darker yellow or even brown color, it’s time to take note. Dehydration, for instance, can lead to more concentrated cat pee, causing it to darken and emit a stronger odor. This color change might also be a signal of underlying bladder or kidney issues calling for attention, so don’t ignore the signs of your cat’s pee.

If you spot these colors in your cat’s litter box, it could be time for a vet visit.

Red and Pink Cat Urine

Moving further along the color spectrum, we come to red and pink, colors that should set off immediate alarm bells. Red-tinged urine could indicate the presence of blood, a condition known as hematuria, which requires immediate veterinary attention. Blood in a cat’s urine can manifest as a bright red color, a pinkish or orange tinge, or visible blood clots.

In some cases, skin bruising may also be noticeable. This could be symptomatic of various conditions such as bladder stones, feline idiopathic cystitis, or trauma to the urinary tract.

Causes of Orange Cat Urine

Illustration of orange cat urine
Illustration of orange cat urine

Orange cat urine can be a symptom of several health issues, some of which are more serious than others. One such issue is liver disease, a significant health concern that can lead to a host of complications if left untreated. Another potential cause is a low urinary pH level, which can be detected by changes in the color of diagnostic cat litters, such as Pretty Litter, which turns yellow when the pH is low.

Importantly, while the discovery of orange urine can be alarming, it’s not necessarily a death sentence. Even in cases of liver disease, there are treatments available that can help manage the condition. That said, any occurrence of orange urine should be taken seriously and warrants a veterinary consultation.

Hematuria: Blood in the Urine

Hematuria, which is the medical term for bloody urine, is a significant health concern and one of the potential causes of orange cat urine. Hematuria can be caused by a range of conditions, including:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Urinary crystals
  • Bladder stones
  • In older female cats, potentially kidney disease or constipation.

In fact, color-changing litter, such as Pretty Litter, can help identify hematuria by turning yellow for low pH or red due to the presence of blood. Hematuria is considered a medical emergency in cats, warranting immediate veterinary attention.

Dehydration and Concentrated Urine

Another common cause of orange cat urine is dehydration. Cats who are not getting enough water will have more concentrated urine, which can turn a darker, orange color. Maintaining proper hydration is thus crucial for preventing the concentration of urine that can contribute to its orange color.


Proper hydration not only keeps the color of your cat’s urine within the normal range, but it also plays a vital role in maintaining urinary health and preventing potential urinary issues.

Medications and Supplements

Prescription diets or medications that acidify the urine can lead to the dissolution of struvite bladder stones in cats, which may also alter the color of the urine to an orange shade. Additionally, food dyes in cat food and supplements can cause alterations in the color of cat urine, potentially leading to an orange appearance that could be mistaken for a medical issue.

As such, it’s important to consider all potential factors, including diet and medication, when trying to determine the cause of orange cat urine.

When to Seek Veterinary Help

While it’s crucial for pet parents to monitor their cat’s urine color for any changes, there are some instances where seeking immediate veterinary help is essential. If your cat’s urine color is abnormal, this could be a sign of a serious health condition that requires immediate attention. Additionally, severe symptoms such as bleeding from other body parts like the nose, gums, ears, rectum, or eyes, along with blood in vomit or feces, require urgent veterinary care.

Inability to urinate is another situation that calls for immediate veterinary assistance. This is more commonly an emergency in male cats and can be life-threatening if not addressed promptly. Therefore, it is important to remain vigilant for any signs of discomfort or distress in your male cat, especially when it comes to their urinary health.

Other Symptoms to Watch For

In addition to monitoring your cat’s urine color, it’s also important to watch for other signs of discomfort or distress that may accompany orange urine. Changes in a cat’s behavior, like increased aggression or withdrawal, could be a sign of underlying stress or health issues. Signs of inadequate hydration, such as lethargy, decreased appetite, dry mucous membranes, or sunken eyes, can also appear in cats with orange urine, indicating a potential health concern.

A sick cat sleeping on the floor (image by Olha Tsiplyar, Adobe Stock)
A sick cat sleeping on the floor

Furthermore, environmental changes and territorial disputes can lead to stress-induced urinary problems, including the occurrence of orange urine. Therefore, if your cat is experiencing any of the following symptoms, they may be experiencing health issues related to the urinary system:

  • Straining when urinating
  • Making multiple attempts to urinate
  • Vocalizing when in the litter tray
  • Showing an increase in water consumption

Importance of Timely Intervention

The importance of timely veterinary intervention when abnormal urine color is detected cannot be overstated. Prompt veterinary care for a cat with orange urine is crucial as it may indicate underlying health problems. Delaying veterinary intervention can lead to the worsening of potential conditions, such as urinary tract obstructions or kidney disease.

Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the prognosis for cats by addressing issues such as dehydration or infections before they progress. Owners should monitor for other symptoms like increased thirst, lethargy, or changes in urination patterns, which, coupled with orange urine, warrant immediate veterinary attention.

Diagnosing and Treating Orange Cat Urine

Diagnosing the cause of orange cat urine is a vital step in the treatment process. A comprehensive health history and physical examination by a veterinarian are usually the first steps in diagnosing the cause of hematuria in cats. Identifying the precise health issue causing orange cat urine is vital for effective treatment.

Then, the treatment options for hematuria in cats can vary widely depending on the diagnosed cause and may include:

  • Medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Urinary acidifiers
  • Surgery (in some cases)

Successful resolution of hematuria in cats depends on the nature of the underlying condition and response to the treatment regimen. Therefore, it is important for pet parents to work closely with their vet to ensure their cat gets the most appropriate treatment.

Diagnostic Tests

Urinalysis is a key diagnostic tool for assessing the health of a cat’s kidneys and urinary system, and can also offer insights into issues such as urinary tract infection. A comprehensive urinalysis includes assessing the appearance, concentration, pH, and chemical composition of the urine as well as microscopic examination of cells and solid materials.

To obtain a urine sample, techniques such as cystocentesis, catheterization, or mid-stream free flow are employed, and the analysis of the sample should occur within 30 minutes to prevent alterations in composition.

A sick cat in the vet hospital (image by Kate, Adobe Stock)
A sick cat in the vet hospital

For cases of hematuria, the diagnostic process may include:

  • Urinalysis
  • Blood chemistry panels
  • Complete blood cell counts
  • Urine culture with antibiotic sensitivity testing
  • Imaging techniques like x-rays or ultrasound

Treatment Options

Treatment options for hematuria can range from medications to surgical procedures, depending on the underlying cause. For cats diagnosed with feline idiopathic cystitis, treatment options may include:

  • Pain relievers
  • Anti-anxiety medication
  • Nutritional supplements
  • Canned food to promote dilute urine formation

Some treatments for hematuria in cats include:

  • Pain medications
  • Diet changes
  • Increasing water intake
  • Fluid therapy
  • Anti-spasmodic medications if necessary

When cats suffer from bleeding disorders leading to hematuria, treatment includes the administration of Vitamin K in cases of specific poisonings.

Surgical procedures may be necessary to remove bladder stones or tumors when these are identified as the cause of blood in the cat’s urine. In cases of trauma causing hematuria, treatment may involve rest, administering pain relief, providing supportive care, and surgery if indicated. It is important to rule out other causes, such as a bladder infection or urinary stones, to ensure proper treatment.

Preventing Orange Cat Urine and Maintaining Urinary Health

An orange and white cat sitting on the sidewalk
An orange and white cat sitting on the sidewalk

As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure, and this is certainly true when it comes to maintaining your cat’s urinary health. Adequate hydration can prevent the formation of crystals and stones in the urinary tract, maintaining urinary health.

Increasing a cat’s water intake helps to dilute their urine, which is a key strategy in preventing urinary issues. Furthermore, stress has been shown to prompt feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), highlighting the relationship between environmental stress and urinary health issues.

By reducing stress in a cat’s environment, you can aid in preventing urinary problems such as FLUTD. Here are some ways to reduce stress for your cat:

  • Maintain a calm and consistent home environment
  • Provide plenty of play and exercise opportunities
  • Ensure your cat has a safe and private place to retreat to when they need some alone time.

Proper Hydration

Cats require around 4 ounces of water for each 5 pounds of lean body weight daily, meaning an average 10-pound cat needs about one cup of water per day. Providing clean, fresh water daily and including wet food in a cat’s diet can help meet their hydration requirements, as wet food contains up to 80% water.

Encouraging cats to drink more can be achieved through offering water in appealing ways, such as using drinking fountains or flavoring the water with tuna juice or low sodium chicken broth, and ensuring there are no pet conflicts preventing access to water.

Dietary Considerations

Before altering your cat’s diet, it’s vital to consult with a veterinarian to ensure the new diet is appropriate for the cat’s specific health needs. Cats with a history of urinary issues may benefit from special urinary health diets that contain balanced minerals and bladder-protectant ingredients.

Feeding cats high-quality wet food while minimizing dry food intake can help prevent early kidney failure and diabetes.

Regular Veterinary Checkups

Regular veterinary checkups are crucial for the early detection of health issues in cats, which may save on medical costs and lead to more targeted and efficient veterinary medicine tests. Annual wellness visits to the veterinarian can aid in the detection of underlying conditions that may affect a cat’s:

  • Urinary system
  • Digestive system
  • Respiratory system
  • Musculoskeletal system
  • Cardiovascular system

This ensures prompt treatment and monitoring.

Cats over the age of 8 require more frequent veterinary checkups…

Furthermore, cats over the age of 8 require more frequent veterinary checkups to monitor kidney function and other aspects of their health as they are more susceptible to age-related conditions.


As pet parents, it’s our responsibility to stay vigilant and attentive to our feline friends’ health, and this includes being aware of the various colors that can appear in their urine. Changes in urine color, particularly the appearance of orange urine, can be an early warning sign of various health issues including dehydration, urinary tract infections, and liver disease. Timely intervention and regular veterinary checkups are crucial for early detection and treatment, potentially saving your cat’s life. Remember, the color of your cat’s urine is more than just a curious fact—it’s a window into their health.

Frequently Asked Questions

What color is a cat’s urine with kidney disease?

If a cat’s urine is very pale yellow or clear, it may indicate kidney disease or a disorder affecting its ability to pass concentrated urine. This could be a sign that the cat is drinking a lot of water and urinating frequently.

Why is my cat’s urine orange?

If your cat has orange urine, it could indicate liver disease, low urinary pH, or blood in the urine, and it’s important to consult a vet for proper diagnosis and treatment.

What does normal cat urine look like?

Normal cat urine is typically clear and light yellow, similar to the color of straw or light gold.

How can I prevent my cat’s urine from turning orange?

To prevent your cat’s urine from turning orange, ensure proper hydration, offer a balanced diet, minimize stress, and schedule regular vet checkups. These measures can help maintain your cat’s urinary health.

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