Electric Blue Acara: Profile, Care, Breeding, and More

The electric blue acara is scientifically known as Adinoacara pulcher
Dr. Mollie Newton
Published by Dr. Mollie Newton PHD| Senior Editor
Last updated: July 17, 2024
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If you’ve ever had a tough time taking care of your electric blue acara fish and felt like you were swimming upstream, you’re not the only one. These amazing fish can be a bit challenging, which is why lots of aquarium lovers seek extra advice. **Don’t fret**, this guide simplifies caring for electric blue acara. **Discover secrets** to help your fish thrive – **keep reading to dive in**!

Article Summary

  • Electric Blue Acaras are native to regions like Venezuela, Colombia, and Trinidad and Tobago.
  • They have a carnivorous diet and require high-quality protein sources.
  • Breeding Electric Blue Acaras requires setting up a separate breeding tank with specific water conditions, suitable surfaces for egg laying, and careful observation during the breeding process.

Species Introduction: Freshwater Fish

The electric blue acara, scientifically known as Adinoacara pulcher, is a captivating fish species that belongs to the cichlid family. Formerly classified as Aequidens pulcher, these beautiful creatures have recently undergone reclassification. One of their most notable traits is their peaceful temperament, which makes them an excellent choice for community tanks.

Electric Blue Acara Appearance And Behavior

Electric Blue Acara Specimen

These stunning fish boast vibrant, bright blue bodies and scales adorned with mesmerizing stripes and spots. They are commonly called electric blue acaras due to their striking coloration. They typically grow up to 6 inches (15 cm), making them suitable for medium-sized aquariums.

Speaking of lifespan, electric blue acaras generally live for about 5-8 years under proper care and conditions. They can reach the higher end of this range with adequate nutrition and a stress-free environment.

The peaceful nature of electric blue acara makes them compatible with various community fish species…

These fascinating creatures are visually appealing and possess calm and docile personalities. Their peaceful nature makes them compatible with various community fish species. However, it’s essential to consider tank mates with similar temperaments and size requirements to avoid potential conflicts or predatory behavior.

Electric Blue Acara’s Natural Habitat

In their natural habitat, electric blue acaras can be found in various regions, including Venezuela, Colombia, and Trinidad and Tobago. These fish are hybrids of the blue acara species and have inherited some of their preferred water conditions. Recreating these conditions in captivity is crucial to ensure optimal health and well-being for the fish.

In the next section, we will explore their dietary needs and provide tips on caring for these captivating fish.

Feeding Electric Blue Acara

Blue acara fish are a captivating addition to any aquarium. These vibrant and strikingly colored fish require a well-balanced diet to thrive and maintain health.

A Carnivorous Diet

As carnivorous creatures, electric blue acaras primarily rely on meat-based foods to meet their dietary requirements. Ensuring that their food choices consist of high-quality protein sources is crucial. While commercial fish food pellets can form the foundation of their diet, it is essential to supplement them with other options.

Varied Diet For Electric Blue Acara

To ensure the overall well-being of your electric blues, it is highly recommended to incorporate a varied diet into their feeding routine. This means offering a combination of pellets, frozen foods, and live foods. By diversifying their meals, you provide them with a range of nutrients necessary for optimal growth and development.

Nutritional Benefits of Live and Frozen Foods

Electric blue acara, known for their striking appearance and unique characteristics, exhibit foraging behavior as a key aspect of their natural instincts.

When included in an electric blue acara’s diet, live foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms offer numerous benefits, closely resembling what they would consume in the wild and promoting this essential foraging behavior. This not only enhances their coloration but also contributes to their overall nutrition.

Frozen foods are another valuable option for feeding your electric blues. They retain much of the nutritional value found in live alternatives while providing convenience and ease of use. Options like frozen brine shrimp or daphnia can be readily purchased from pet stores or online retailers.

Portion Control Matters

While ensuring a varied diet is essential for electric blue acaras, equally crucial is controlling portion sizes. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and subsequent health issues in these fish. Instead, aim for smaller portions multiple times a day. This feeding strategy mimics their natural feeding patterns and prevents overeating.

They thrive on a carnivorous diet that includes meat-based foods. Incorporating a variety of options, such as pellets, frozen foods, and live foods, is essential for their overall health and well-being. Live and frozen foods offer numerous nutritional benefits, enhancing coloration and stimulating natural behavior. Feed them small portions multiple times daily to prevent overeating and maintain their optimal weight.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure your electric blue acaras receive the nutrition they require to flourish in your aquarium.

Potential Diseases

Like all fish, they can be susceptible to various diseases. Aquarists need to be aware of the common ailments that may affect these beautiful creatures to provide them with the best care possible. Here are some key points to consider:

Common Diseases of Electric Blue Acara

Electric blue acaras are prone to certain diseases impacting their health and well-being. Two common ailments seen in these fish are ich (white spot disease) and fin rot.

Ich (White Spot Disease): This highly contagious parasitic infection manifests as small white spots on the fish’s body and fins. Affected fish may exhibit symptoms such as scratching against objects, increased mucus production, and rapid breathing. If left untreated, ich can lead to severe damage or even death.

Fin Rot: Fin rot is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the fins of the electric blue acara. It causes the deterioration of fin tissue, leading to frayed or disintegrating fins. Fish suffering from fin rot may show signs of lethargy, loss of appetite, and redness around the affected areas.

Prevention Measures

Preventing diseases in electric blue acaras involves maintaining good water quality and providing proper nutrition.

Water Quality: Poor water quality can weaken fish’s immune system, making them more susceptible to diseases. Regular water testing and monitoring parameters such as pH levels, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate concentrations ensure optimal conditions for aquatic pets.

Proper Nutrition: A well-balanced diet promotes a strong immune system in electric blue acaras. Offering a variety of high-quality commercial foods supplemented with occasional live or frozen treats will help ensure they receive all necessary nutrients.

Quarantine Procedures

Quarantining new fish before introducing them to the main tank is an advisable practice among aquarists.

When acquiring new electric blue acara or other fish species, it is essential to isolate them in a separate tank for some time. This quarantine period allows closer observation and helps prevent the introduction of potential diseases into the main tank.


During quarantine, closely monitor the new fish for signs of illness, such as white spots, skin flukes, or nuchal hump abnormalities.

Treating any detected ailments promptly can help prevent their spread to other fish.

Aquarists can greatly reduce the risk of common diseases in electric blue acaras by being proactive in disease prevention measures such as maintaining good water quality, providing proper nutrition, and quarantining new fish. Regular observation and prompt treatment are crucial to ensuring the health and longevity of these captivating freshwater fish.

Electric Blue Acara Tank

Blue Acara Keeping

To ensure the health and well-being of your electric blue acara, it is crucial to provide them with suitable tank requirements. Here are some important factors to consider when setting up their habitat:

Tank Size

A minimum of 30 gallons is recommended for a pair of adult fish. These cichlids can grow up to 6 inches long, so providing enough space is essential to prevent territorial behavior and aggression. In larger tanks, consider keeping them in community tanks with other compatible species.

Electric Blue Acara Water Parameters

Maintaining optimal water parameters is vital for the overall health of your electric blue acara. To create an ideal environment for them, pay attention to the following factors:

  • pH Level: Aim for slightly acidic water with a pH range between 6.5 and 7.
  • Ammonia, Nitrites, and Nitrates: Regularly test the water quality and ensure ammonia and nitrite levels remain at zero while keeping nitrates below 20 ppm.
  • Temperature: Electric blue acaras thrive in tropical temperatures ranging from 76°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C).
  • Water Hardness: They prefer moderately hard water ranging from around 8 to 12 dGH.

Stability is key. Sudden fluctuations can cause stress and compromise the health of your fish. Regular monitoring and appropriate adjustments will help maintain stable water conditions.

Heating and Filtration

As tropical fish, electric blue acaras require consistent warmth in their aquariums. A reliable heater, even for a minimum tank of 30 gallons for the blue acara fish, will ensure the water temperature remains within its preferred range.

In addition to heating, efficient filtration is crucial for simulating their natural habitat. A powerful filter will help maintain excellent water quality by removing waste particles and preventing a harmful buildup of toxins.

Electric Blue Acara Plants and Substrate

Choosing a suitable substrate and incorporating live plants into the tank can significantly enhance the well-being of your electric blue acaras. Consider these suggestions:

Substrate: Opt for fine-grained sand as the substrate. This not only mimics their natural environment but also allows them to sift through it in search of food.

Plants: Include suitable plant species such as Amazon swords, Java ferns, or Anubias. These plants provide hiding spots and create a more natural-looking habitat for your fish.

Indian Almond Leaves: Adding Indian almond leaves to the tank can help create acidic water conditions similar to those in their native habitats. These leaves also release beneficial compounds that promote overall fish health.

Other Decorations

To ensure your electric blue acaras feel secure in their tank, consider adding various decorations:

Driftwood: Introducing driftwood provides hiding places and creates interesting visual elements within the aquarium. However, it may slightly lower water pH due to tannins leaching from the wood.

Electric Blue Acara Compatible Tank Mates

Keeping Electric Blue Acara with their kind is an easy and convenient option. These cichlids are generally peaceful and can coexist harmoniously in a community tank. However, it’s vital to maintain the right balance and numbers to prevent aggression among them.

Keeping at least six Electric Blue Acaras together in a tank is recommended, as this helps distribute any potential aggression across the group rather than focusing on a single individual.

Peaceful fish For Electric Blue Acara

When considering tank mates for Electric Blue Acaras, choosing peaceful community fish that won’t threaten or intimidate them is crucial. Here are some suitable options:

Tetras: Species like Neon Tetras, Cardinal Tetras, or Rummy Nose Tetras are excellent choices. They add vibrant colors and active movement to the aquarium while peacefully coexisting with the Electric Blue Acaras.

Rasboras: Harlequin Rasboras or Chili Rasboras make great companions for these cichlids due to their similar size and peaceful nature.

Peaceful Catfish: Corydoras catfish species such as Bronze Corydoras or Panda Corydoras can be introduced into the tank without causing conflicts.

Species to Avoid

Avoiding aggressive or territorial fish that may harm or stress out the Electric Blue Acaras is essential. Some species that should be avoided include:

Aggressive Fish: Avoid keeping them with aggressive species like larger Cichlids (such as Oscars) or aggressive barbs.

Territorial Fish: Certain types of Gouramis, such as Pearl Gouramis or Dwarf Gouramis, can be compatible if they have ample space and hiding spots.


To prevent overcrowding in the tank, which can lead to stress and aggression among fish, it’s essential to consider the size of existing and new fish when introducing mates for Electric Blue Acaras.

Choose species of similar sizes so that no fish feels overwhelmed or intimidated. It is advisable to highlight some specific fish and invertebrates to avoid due to potential conflicts:

Large Fish: Avoid introducing large-sized fish like Oscars or Arowanas, as they may intimidate the Electric Blue Acaras.

Aggressive Invertebrates: Crayfish or larger shrimp species can threaten the Electric Blue Acaras and should be avoided.

By selecting suitable tank mates for your Electric Blue Acara, you can create a peaceful and vibrant freshwater tank that showcases the beauty of these cichlids alongside other compatible species. Remember to maintain proper water conditions and provide adequate hiding spots and territories for each fish to ensure their well-being in the community tank.

Breeding Electric Blue Acara

Adult and Juvenile Blue Acara

Breeding electric blue acaras can be a rewarding experience for fish enthusiasts. These stunning cichlids are known for their vibrant blue coloring and make a captivating addition to any aquarium.

Sexing Your Electric Blue Acara

To successfully breed electric blue acaras, it is essential to differentiate between males and females. Adult male acaras tend to be larger compared to females. Males also exhibit more intense blue coloring, especially on their caudal fin. Conversely, females have a slightly duller hue and may display a yellowish tint during spawning periods.

Requirements for a Breeding Tank

Creating an ideal environment for breeding is crucial. A separate breeding tank should be set up with suitable conditions. The water parameters should mimic their natural habitat, with a temperature range of 76-82°F (24-28°C) and around 6.5-7.5 pH levels.

The substrate within the breeding tank plays an important role as well. Opt for fine sand or gravel that allows the fish to dig pits or create nesting sites during spawning.

Importance of Proper Water Conditions

Maintaining optimal water conditions is vital for successful spawning in electric blue acaras. Regular water changes are necessary to keep ammonia and nitrate levels low while providing a fresh oxygen supply.

Introducing suitable surfaces, such as flat rocks or clay pots, into the breeding tank encourages the fish to lay their eggs there. These surfaces offer protection and stability during incubation.

Electric Blue Acara Behavior During Spawning

Before spawning occurs, you may notice changes in your acara’s behavior as it prepares for reproduction. The male becomes increasingly territorial and aggressive towards other male and female fish in the tank while trying to attract the female’s attention. On the other hand, the female may display submissive behavior by staying close to the male and inspecting potential nesting sites.

After Spawning

Once spawning occurs, both parents play essential roles in protecting and caring for the eggs. Electric blue acaras are mouthbrooders, meaning they carry their fertilized eggs in their mouths until hatching. During this period, providing a stress-free environment with minimal disturbances is crucial.

Male and female blue acaras play essential roles in protecting and caring for the eggs…

After 5-7 days, the fry will hatch from the eggs. At this point, transferring them to a larger tank equipped with suitable filtration and hiding spots is recommended. Feeding the fry with newly hatched baby brine shrimp or powdered fish food ensures their proper growth and development.

Breeding electric blue acaras requires patience and attention to detail. By understanding their breeding process and providing optimal conditions throughout each stage, you can enjoy the beauty of these magnificent fish right in your aquarium.

Availability of Electric Blue Acara

Electric blue acaras are readily available in many pet stores and online retailers. These captivating fish can be found in various areas, making them accessible to aquarium enthusiasts worldwide. Whether you prefer shopping locally or browsing online, you will likely find electric blue acaras with little difficulty.

Pricing may vary depending on factors such as size and quality. On average, these fish can range from $15 to $30 per individual. However, consider that prices may fluctuate based on demand and availability.

The popularity of electric blue acaras stems from their striking appearance. Their vibrant electric blue scales make them a standout addition to any aquarium. When combined with appropriate lighting conditions and water flow within the tank, the contrasting hues create a mesmerizing effect.

The availability of electric blue acaras might differ depending on your location…

The availability of electric blue acaras might differ depending on your location and the time of year. While some areas may have a consistent supply throughout the year, others might experience seasonal fluctuations or limited availability due to breeding cycles or import restrictions. Before purchasing, you should check current stock with local pet stores or reliable online retailers.

When considering where to buy electric blue acaras, it is crucial to prioritize reputable sources that prioritize the well-being of their fish. Purchasing from trustworthy sellers ensures you receive healthy specimens that have been cared for properly. Reputable sellers will provide information about the origin, condition, and care requirements of the fish they offer.


Proper care is essential to maintain your electric blue acara’s vibrant appearance and overall health. These fish thrive in well-maintained aquariums with suitable conditions such as appropriate water temperature (around 78-82°F), pH levels between 6.5-7.5, and moderate water flow.

Electric blue acaras can be kept individually or in community tanks with other compatible species. When selecting tankmates for these fish, it is crucial to consider their peaceful nature. Avoid aggressive or fin-nipping species that may cause stress or harm to the electric blue acara.

In terms of diet, electric blue acaras are omnivorous and can be fed various foods. High-quality commercial pellets or flakes formulated for cichlids serve as a nutritious staple. Supplementing their diet with live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and daphnia adds variety and enhances their overall health.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the interesting facts about electric blue acara?

Electric Blue Acaras (Andinoacara pulcher) are stunning freshwater fish known for their vibrant blue coloration and unique behaviors. They originate from South America and have gained popularity among aquarium enthusiasts due to their captivating features. These colorful fish can change color based on their mood and surroundings, which adds an exciting element to aquarium keeping. Electric Blue Acaras are also known for their intelligence and social behavior, often forming hierarchies within their group.

How many electric blue acara should I keep?

Keeping at least a group of 4 to 6 Electric Blue Acaras in your aquarium is recommended. They are social fish and thrive in the presence of their kind. This group size helps reduce aggression among individuals and allows them to display their natural behaviors and interactions. However, please ensure that your tank is large enough to accommodate their needs, with a minimum tank size of 40 gallons (150 liters) for a group of Electric Blue Acaras.

How hardy are electric blue acaras?

Electric Blue Acaras are considered relatively hardy fish, making them suitable for both beginner and experienced aquarists. They can adapt to various water conditions and tolerate minor fluctuations in temperature and water parameters. Proper tank maintenance, including regular water changes and a well-balanced diet, keeps them healthy and thriving. Despite their hardiness, providing stable and optimal conditions will ensure their well-being.

How long does it take for Electric Blue Acara to reach full size?

Electric Blue Acaras typically reach their full adult size of around 6 to 7 inches (15-18 centimeters) within 12 to 18 months under ideal conditions. Growth rates may vary based on water quality, temperature, diet, and genetics. Providing them with a well-balanced diet and suitable living conditions will promote healthy and timely growth.

Does Electric Blue Acara need to be in pairs?

Electric Blue Acaras are not strictly pair-bonding fish but benefit from being kept in groups of their kind. Keeping them in pairs or small groups can reduce aggression and provide them with social interactions, which mimic their natural behavior in the wild. However, keeping them in pairs ensures the tank is adequately sized and well-maintained to minimize territorial disputes.

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