Acrochordonichthys Rugosus: Species Profile and Care Guide

Asian Banjo Catfish is scientifically known as Acrochordonichthys rugosus
Dr. Mollie Newton
Published by Dr. Mollie Newton PHD| Senior Editor
Last updated: April 25, 2024
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The catfish breed named Acrochordonichthys rugosus, otherwise referred to as Asian Banjo, is native to Southeast Asia. This species is a member of the Sisoridae family and is highly favoured by freshwater aquarium enthusiasts due to its unique characteristics. Its particular shape, specifically its flat body and extended dorsal fin resembling the form of a banjo, introduces an interesting aspect to any aquatic setting. The adaptable nature of this catfish enables it to thrive in various water environments, and its peaceful disposition makes it an optimal choice for community aquariums.

Article Summary

  • Acrochordonichthys rugosus, also known as the Asian Banjo Catfish, is a catfish species native to Southeast Asia; it has a distinctive appearance with a flattened body, elongated dorsal fin resembling a banjo, and bony plates (scutes) providing a rugged look.
  • Acrochordonichthys rugosus is resilient but susceptible to stress-related diseases; maintaining stable water parameters is crucial.
  • It is a carnivorous species with a diet consisting of sinking pellets or flakes formulated for catfish, supplemented with live options like bloodworms or brine shrimp.

Acrochordonichthys Rugosus Appearance

Acrochordonichthys rugosus is a fish species, found in Southern Thailand, has generally dark brown with many irregular light brown patches and light brown saddle that runs through its adipose fin. The body colouration of this acrochordonichthys species makes it camouflage among the leaf litter. It has a flattened body shape that sets it apart from other fish, giving it a broader and flatter physique. The fish is covered in bony plates called scutes, which act as armor and give it a rugged appearance.

It also has long, slender barbels around its mouth area, which serve as sensory organs to help it navigate through murky waters by detecting changes in water flow and vibrations. The size of the acrochordonichthys can vary, but on average, it can reach lengths of up to 5 inches (13 centimeters), with some individuals growing even larger.

Tank and Water Requirements

Small Planted Tank with a Heater
Home Aquarium Setup

This catfish requires a tank with a minimum capacity of 20 gallons. This ensures enough space for the fish to swim comfortably and exhibit natural behaviors. It is crucial to provide hiding spots in the form of caves, driftwood, or plants. These hiding spots mimic their natural habitat and help them feel secure.

Water Conditions

Acrochordonichthys Rugosus requires specific tank conditions to thrive. It prefers soft water with a slightly acidic pH level, ideally ranging between 6.5 and 7.5. To ensure the water parameters remain within acceptable ranges, regular monitoring using test kits is recommended.

In terms of temperature, maintaining a range between 72°F and 82°F (22°C to 28°C) is crucial for the well-being of these fish. Using a reliable aquarium heater will help regulate the temperature within this desired range.

Filtration System

Installing a proper filtration system in the tank is crucial to maintain good water quality. A high-quality filter will help remove debris, excess waste, and harmful chemicals from the water, ensuring a healthy environment for this catfish.

Remember that maintaining stable water parameters through regular testing and performing routine maintenance tasks such as partial water changes are essential for the overall health and well-being of Acrochordonichthys Rugosus.

Acrochordonichthys Rugosus Health

The Asian Stone Catfish is known for its resilience and ability to withstand various environmental conditions. It has adapted to survive in different water parameters, making it a great choice for beginner aquarists. This species can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and pH levels, which contributes to its overall hardiness.

Stress-Related Diseases

While this catfish is generally robust, it can become susceptible to diseases when exposed to prolonged stress. Factors such as poor water quality, overcrowding, or incompatible tankmates can lead to increased stress levels in these catfish. In stressful situations, their immune system weakens, making them more vulnerable to infections and illnesses.

By providing suitable conditions and taking proactive measures to minimize stress factors, you can help keep your Acrochordonichthys rugosus healthy and thriving in your aquarium.

Diet and Feeding

This catfish has specific dietary requirements that are crucial for its well-being. Being a carnivorous species, it needs a meaty diet that is rich in nutrients and proteins. Sinking pellets or flakes specially formulated for catfish species can serve as their staple diet, providing them with the necessary nutrition.

In addition to these specialized foods, supplementing their diet with frozen or live options like bloodworms or brine shrimp can add variety and mimic their natural feeding habits in the wild. This ensures that this catfish receives a balanced and nutritious diet to thrive and maintain optimal health.

Temperament and Tankmates

This catfish can be kept in groups. These fish are generally peaceful and non-aggressive towards other fish species. However, it’s important to choose tankmates carefully to avoid competition for food.

Tankmates for this catfish should be selected with caution. They should be large enough not to be considered as food by the Banjo Catfish. This ensures a harmonious coexistence within the aquarium.

Remember that each aquarium is unique, so it’s essential to research specific species’ compatibility before introducing them into your tank. Observing how different fish interact with each other can be an exciting and rewarding experience.

Breeding Acrochordonichthys Rugosus

Limited information is available about the successful breeding this catfish. However, it is believed that they are egg-layers like other members of the Akysidae family (closely related to the Sisoridae).

Breeding this species can be challenging and not recommended for beginners. The lack of detailed information on their breeding habits and requirements makes it difficult to provide specific guidance. It is essential to understand that attempting to breed rugosus catfish without proper knowledge and experience may result in stress or harm to the fish.

Frequently Asked Questions

How big do Asian Banjo Catfish grow?

This catfish typically reach a size of 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) in captivity. However, in the wild, they can grow slightly larger, with some individuals reaching up to 8 inches (20 cm). It’s essential for aquarium enthusiasts to provide adequate space and a well-maintained environment to support the healthy growth of these catfish.

What is the average size of Asian Banjo Catfish in captivity?

In captivity, its average size is around 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm). Providing a suitable tank with proper water conditions, hiding spots, and a balanced diet contributes to the well-being and size of these catfish in a home aquarium setting. Monitoring their growth and ensuring optimal care will promote their overall health and longevity.

Image Reference

  • Featured Image – Florida Museum. Acrochordonichthys rugosus [Photo]. Website. https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/fish/catfish/akysidae/rugosus/
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